An ancient Chinese practice, also used in some form in other parts of the world. From 1951 auricular therapy was mapped by Dr Nogier3, a French physician, using acupuncture points1. The Chinese used this knowledge and developed it further using Traditional Chinese Medicine theories. The Chinese still call Dr Nogier the ‘Father of Auriculotherapy’. The Chinese used ear acupuncture to detox opium addicts and Professor Bùi Quôc Châu, inspired by this work, treated many opium addicts in Vietnam.
The use of auricular therapy lead Professor Bùi Quôc Châu, in 1980, to discover the basis of a fascinating technique he calls Dien Cham using acupuncture needles. However from 1982, realizing needles were not necessary and no longer using them, he renames it Dien Chan. Dien means ‘face and surface’, Cham means ‘prick with a needle’ or ‘facial acupuncture’ whilst Chan means ‘facial treatment and diagnostic’. Professor Bùi Quôc Châu is particularly grateful to Dr Nogier as his work gave him a deep and clear idea of the undeniable relationship between face and body and lead him to find similar projection systems2.
From the start Professor Chau looks at the hypothesis of analogy and he realizes that the curve of the nose is similar to that of the spine and so can be treated there. This is confirmed by applying pressure on the related point with the patient experiencing immediate pain relief and is repeated with great success. Over time the Professor discovers twenty-two projection systems of the body on the face with 257 fixed points, 500 is incorrectly mentioned in some reference sources. Professor Chau sees Dien Chan as complementary to both Oriental and Western medicine.
As not many Vietnamese could afford medical services, tools with a yin and yang aspect have been created so people can treat themselves and these tools are used in Dien Chan. There are around 90 of them around today. Fingers can also be used by rubbing, tapping or rotating on the areas2.
The therapy spreads to the USA (1985), France (1992) and Spain (2001) where Patryck Aguilar-Cassarà and Anna Roca work on recording the method on behalf of Professor Bùi Quôc Châu9. The technique arrives in Cuba in 1988 and, as a result of a series of seminars Professor Châu gave in La Havana, the entire Cuban network of Public Health adopts Dien Chan officially. Doctors use it, calling it Terapia Cibernética. Today it is called Dien Chan, multireflexology BQC to honor its founder.
Patryck Aguilar-Cassarà has also developed FACEASiT, an application for the iPad. FACEASiT designs treatments working with the anatomy and symptoms. It is not a catalogue of disorders! It is a natural methodology combined with an interactive pedagogical approach. One version is freely available for home use with a professional version for therapists10.
The importance of the face
Emotions are expressed and read on the face and it was discovered that besides veins and nerves, meridians also cross the face, all having a different density to the rest of the body making the face sensitive. In Facial Reflexology the skin is seen as a relay to the brain activating the process of self healing2. Facial diagnostic pays attention to signs on the face and skin such as shape, coloration, wrinkles and marks. These help identify the affected organ, locate the disorder, etc. however, this method cannot quantify the disorder2.
Over many years, Professor Bùi Quôc Châu researched and stimulated a combination of certain fixed points in a given order achieving great results that lead to treatment formulas. As he says, these are only suggestions as the combination of points used in treatment is not limited, new combinations are discovered every day.
Both the projection systems, twenty-two of them, and the fixed points on the face are important to use during a treatment. A zone and/or a point on the face correspond to an organ or a body area and the relevant organ reacts to it being worked as the Qi is redirected to the weakened organ. Working only one of these systems reduces the multireflexology method.
The projections and points on the face are not a direct link to the physical body but to the brain. So the stimulation of the zones or points activates the process of self-regulation in the corresponding organ in the brain that guides our vital energy Qi to the corresponding affected zone.
Marie France Muller
Marie France Muller is a doctor in psychology and naturopathy as well as a reflexologist. She was very skeptical when told by Nhuan Le Quang, her teacher, that Dien Cham could relieve any pain, sometimes permanently, using two or three strokes of the rounded end of a ballpoint on one or more points on the face. After personally experiencing the return of feeling in ‘dead’ fingers she registered for the course. The next day, not remembering any points but in her mind’s eye seeing the body’s projection on the face she was able, with four successive short sessions, to relieve the severe sciatic pain someone experienced at her dentist’s surgery6. Amazed by the result, she decided the technique needed to be promoted. Her book gives clear protocols to work with specific conditions and is used by many Reflexologists
Lone started practicing as a Reflexologist in 1978 when she was only 18 and was no. 59 on the Danish registration list. There are now over 12.000 reflexologists in Denmark. From 1979 to 1988 she worked primarily with children with learning and behavior difficulties in Denmark. From 1988 she spent 12 years in Argentina and as the first reflexologist in the country, treated patients with brain damage and neurological problems and opened three schools and trained 2000 reflexologists. Back in Denmark, she spent 2 years working on projects at a Rehabilitation Centre and in her own clinic teaching her technique to parents of children with brain damage and teaching therapists. This she still does at her school in Barcelona, where she now lives, and at the Medical Faculty at the University Complutense in Madrid.
Over the years Lone studied many modalities such as reflexology, acupuncture, kinesiology, oriental medicine, facial acupuncture, auricular therapy, vibrational therapy, neurology and anatomy in countries as far apart as Cuba, France, Spain, Germany and Argentina. Ever since 1978 Lone gathered practical experience, studied, researched and tested various theories, she is a dynamo sleeping only a few hours a night.
Dr Wong, a Chinese doctor, invited Lone to visit Argentina. He taught her about 16 acupuncture points, each point activating 3 systems in the body. Using these NP points with great success in her clinic in Denmark she decided to move to Argentina where her reputation grew quickly due to highly successful outcomes from her treatments. Not responding to Western treatments, one man with leg ulcers saw them healed after ten treatments, the word spread.
On one of her journeys she saw aboriginal South American Indian women using a facial stimulation technique that was not a face massage. She received permission to take notes and make drawings of what she saw.
Back at her clinic Lone treated a 23 year old young woman with acquired brain damage after a car accident at the age of 20. Using foot reflexology there was no change after eight treatments. She asked permission to use the facial techniques observed when visiting the nomadic tribal Indians and after just ten minutes, the whole body relaxed. Lone had never observed this and went on to treat her three times a week with foot, face, NP points and cranial lines and points. After a year, this young woman was 97% cured.
Working with this client was the start of Lone’s facial reflexology therapy
Travelling to Cuba several times, Lone studied the ‘Cybernetic System’, a Vietnamese treatment method named Dien Chan. She learned a system using 564 nerve points and 31 acupressure points in the face, which she combined with the technique learned from the South American Indian women. After meeting Dr Chun, a Vietnamese doctor, who worked with the oriental system of charting the face to reflect body organs and systems, Lone incorporated his methods and experience into her treatments.
All these techniques became part of Facial Reflexology SorensensistemTM.
If that was not enough, she developed new therapies for brain-damaged children. With a system called Stimulation Temprana (early stimulation) Lone has achieved excellent results. To see an example of such results you can watch a video: Rehabilitation in Oman. Through the development of the Temprana Reflex Therapy – where Lone teaches parents to work daily on their children using facial, neurological reflexology and neurological hand reflexology – the emphasis changed to using 80% facial reflexology and 20% foot reflexology during a treatment.
She has also helped coma patients, and people suffering with such conditions as Multiple Sclerosis, Downs Syndrome, and Motor Neuron Disease; the more serious the disease or condition, the more intense the treatment.
Her current method of facial reflexology and face mapping has been developed over twenty-eight years of work with clients and combines various techniques to provide a holistic and comprehensive treatment.
A treatment starts with seven steps followed by six protocols that help personalize the treatment for the client’s health condition. Starting with the rotation on facial points, the face is then assessed for deposits that may be found in the deeper layers. This is followed by a slow, deep massage that covers various body maps on the face which connect to the various body systems. Locating the worst deposit and the relevant area sets the protocol for the rest of the treatment8 followed by stimulating the face using three oriental facial maps that are projections of the nervous system and physical body. The last step is a gentle face massage that balances the mental, physical and emotional aspects of our being.
As Sue Ehinger, certified teacher of Lone’s Facial Reflexology method, mentions: ‘over the past seven years working with Facial Reflexology techniques, I have renewed my passion for our therapy and have developed a deep respect for the pioneering work of Lone Sorensen. The therapy is awesome and the results speak for themselves’8.
Facial reflexology acts on the central nervous system and brain whilst foot reflexology acts on the blood/circulation and releasing hormones in the blood7.
- Bùi Quôc Châu (2009). Le Dien Chan: Méthode originale vietnamienne de multiréflexologie faciale. Paris, France : Editions Grancher.
- Oleson, T. (1996). Auriculotherapy manual. Los Angeles, USA: Health Care Alternatives.
- Sorensen, L. (2008). Facial Reflexology. New Delhi, India: B. Jain Publishers (P) Ltd.
- Muller, M-F. (2003). Facial reflexology: A self-care manual. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press
- Sluter, G. Lone Sorensen’s Story. Retrieved from http://www.facereflexology.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/LONE_SORENSEN_STORY.pdf
- Ehinger, S. (2015). Footage, Newsletter of the Victorian branch of the RAoA
- Aguilar Cassarà, P. & Roca Carrasco A. (2013). Dien Chan – Multireflexology, the original face reflexology method. Available on https://itunes.apple.com/au/book/dien-chan-multireflexology/id622362180?mt=11
- Aguilar Cassarà, P. FACEASiT. Retrieved from www.Faceasit.com